What is Mixed Martial Arts?
Mixed martial arts was originally based around the concept of pitting different martial
arts and fighting styles against each other in competition with minimal
rules, in an attempt to determine which system would be more effective in a real
situation. Modern MMA competition is an evolution of such events, but rules have
been implemented to promote the sport,
while at the same time maintaining as much of the original no-holds-barred
concept as possible. There is however no general sanctioning body for the sport,
and the sets of rules vary according to organization.
The techniques utilized in MMA competition
generally fall into two categories: striking
techniques (such as kicks,
techniques (such as clinch
Some unarmed hand
to hand combat techniques are considered illegal in arguably all modern MMA
competition, such as biting,
joint manipulation. The legality of other techniques such as elbows,
locks vary according to competition or organization.
Victory is normally gained through a knockout,
a stoppage by the referee, the fight doctor or a competitor's cornerman,
or by a decision by the judges scoring the fight.
Today, mixed martial artists train in a variety
of styles that have been proven effective in the ring, so that they can be
effective in all the phases of combat. Although MMA fighters will try to play to
their particular specialties, they will inevitably encounter all kinds of
situations; a stand-up
fighting specialist will probably get taken
down at some point and a submission
artist might need to fight standing-up for a while before he can complete a
takedown. A mixed martial artist might train in a particular style to enhance
his or her skills in the phase of combat that the style encompasses. Typical
styles, known for their effectiveness, that have been trained prior to the MMA
career, and that are trained individually to enhance a particular phase of
Thai are trained to improve footwork,
and Judo are
trained to improve clinching,
Thai is trained to improve the striking
aspect of the clinch.
are trained to improve submission
holds, and defense against them. Brazilian
Jiu-Jitsu and styles of Amateur
wrestling are trained to improve positioning.
Many styles have to be adapted slightly for use
in the sport. For example, several boxing stances are ineffective because they
leave fighters vulnerable to leg kicks
techniques have to be adapted to an opponent not wearing a judogi.
Commonly, modern day MMA fighters do not train in any particular style, but
either train in multiple styles with multiple coaches, or train in teams with
other MMA athletes focusing specifically on MMA fighting. Conditioning,
training are also important aspects of a MMA fighters training. Mixed
martial arts competition is very demanding physically, and the athletes need to
be in top shape to be successful.